Ableism is a set of practices and beliefs that assign inferior value and worth to people who
have developmental, emotional, physical or psychiatric disabilities.
Ageism is discrimination of individuals based on their age. For instance, discrimination of
senior aged women based on the notion that they are incapable of performing certain
functions such as driving, or discrimination of youth based on the notion that they are
immature and therefore incapable of performing certain tasks.
Anti-racism: A process that acknowledges the existence of systemic racism and, through
policies and practices, seeks to actively identify, challenge and end systemic racism in all
its various forms.
Anti-Semitism is hatred of and hostility towards Jewish people.
Classism is discrimination of groups of persons sharing a similar social position and
certain economic, political, and cultural characteristics.
Discrimination is behaviour based on prejudiced feelings and attitudes that lead to
differential and unfavourable treatment of persons based on factors such as sex, race,
culture, class, religion, age, sexual orientation, gender identification and disability.
Discrimination can be systemic and refers to the pervasive structures and practices that
exclude groups on the basis of race, ethnicity and/or other forms of oppression. Incidents
of oppressive conduct include but are not limited to: unwelcome remarks, jokes, slurs,
innuendoes, name calling, stereotyping, graffiti, insults or taunting about a person’s racial,
ethnic, cultural, religious or social background, threats, intimidation, avoidance, or
exclusion, display of racist, derogatory or offensive material, any comment or conduct that
is unsolicited and known or ought to be known to be unwelcome and is likely to cause
offense or humiliation. Discrimination may be intentional or unintentional, verbal or
nonverbal, subtle, passive or overt in nature.
Domestic violence is defined as any use of physical or sexual force, actual or
threatened, in an intimate relationship. It may include a single act of violence, or a number
of acts forming a pattern of abuse through the use of assaultive and controlling behaviour. The
pattern of abuse may include: Physical abuse, Emotional abuse, Psychological abuse, Sexual
abuse, Criminal harassment (stalking), Threats to harm children, other family members, pets,
and property. The violence is used to intimidate, humiliate or frighten a partner of an intimate
relationship, or to make them powerless. (Domestic violence is also commonly referred to as:
Domestic abuse, Domestic assault, Domestic conflict, Spousal abuse, Spousal assault, Battering,
Intimate partner abuse, Intimate partner assault, Relationship abuse or Family violence.)
Feminism is a range of contemporary theoretical perspectives in which women's
experiences are examined in relation to actual and perceived differences between the
power and status of men and women. It includes a social justice movement in which issues
of particular importance for women (eg domestic violence, pay equity, and globalization)
are analyzed, understood, and addressed from feminist perspectives. Feminism is rooted
in the belief that women and men are, and have been, treated differently by our society,
and that women have frequently and systematically been unable to participate fully in all
social arenas and institutions. This gives a "new" point-of-view on society, when
eliminating old assumptions about why things are the way they are, and looking at it from
the perspective that women are not inferior and men are not "the norm."
Heterosexism relates to social structures and practices which serve to elevate and
enforce heterosexuality while subordinating or suppressing other sexual orientations.
Oppression is the subjugation of others by the unjust use of force or authority. It is the
suppression of the natural self-expression and emotions of others.
Prejudice: A frame of mind that tends to prejudice a person, or a group, unfavorably, by
attributing to every member of group characteristics falsely attributed to the groups as a
whole. These unfavourable assumptions are frequently not recognized as such because of
the frequency with which they are widely accepted, and are used to justify acts of
Privilege is the power and advantage that benefit a group, derived from the historical
oppression and exploitation of other groups.
Racism is an action or practices by individuals or institutions which subordinates
individuals and groups because of their race, colour or ethnicity. Racism is a form of
discrimination and combines power and prejudice, whether it’s social, economic or
political, to the advantage of one group, a dominant group, and to the disadvantage of
another, a non-dominant group. It is attitudinal and institutional.
Sexism includes any action, attitude, behaviour or language that depicts women as
inferior. It is attitudinal and institutional.
Transphobia is the negative valuing, stereotyping and discriminatory treatment of
individuals who do not conform in appearance and/or identify to conventional conceptions
(Source: IMMIGRANT WOMEN SERVICES OTTAWA ANTI-RACISM ANTI-OPPRESSION POLICY with additions by 1 in Four.)